Pierce was most well-known for his book, The Turner Diaries. The book, published in 1978, described a future race war in which Jews and other minorities were killed by the thousands, with the hero promising to go to the ends of the earth to hunt down Satan’s spawn. The Turner Diaries became one of the most prominent pieces of literary extremism, inspiring numerous acts of violence and terrorism. In 1983, Bob Matthews broke away from the National Alliance to form The Order (or Silent Brotherhood), a group patterned after The Organization described in Pierce’s book. The Order instigated several murders and armored car heists before Matthews was killed in a shootout with the FBI in 1984. Timothy McVeigh had photocopied pages of The Turner Diaries in his car when he was arrested for the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995. He had also called the National Alliance phone line seven times the day before the bombing.
By 2005, due to infighting, change in top leadership and numerous arrests, the National Alliance lost most of its key members and became all but irrelevant.